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The Use of Therapeutic Inhaled Essential Oils (TIEO) as a Holistic Approach to Decrease Preoperative Anxiety in ERAS Gynecological Surgery.

August 16, 2022

J Perianesth Nurs, 2022 S1089-9472(22)00074-0

The Use of Therapeutic Inhaled Essential Oils (TIEO) as a Holistic Approach to Decrease Preoperative Anxiety in ERAS Gynecological Surgery.

Murphy, AE; Belmont, SL; Moriber, NA

INTRODUCTION: Preoperative anxiety is a negative symptom frequently experienced by surgical patients. This evidence-based-practice (EBP) project evaluated the effectiveness of therapeutic inhaled essential oils (TIEO) on anxiety levels during the preoperative phase of surgery in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) gynecological patients ages 18 to 65 years old.

METHODS: A prospective, preposttest, quasiexperimental design was used to evaluate preoperative anxiety scores. Patients (N = 53) scheduled for gynecological surgeries were enrolled at a level II trauma center. Upon arrival to the preoperative area on the day of surgery, patients were asked to score their anxiety level using the Visual Analog Scale for Anxiety (VAS-A). Patients were provided the TIEO intervention during their preoperative phase of surgery ranging from 15 to 60 minutes. Patients were encouraged to take mindful deep breaths and inhale the essential oil vapor. Before being transported into the operating room, patients were asked to re-evaluate their anxiety level using the VAS-A.

RESULTS: A matched paired t-test revealed the post-VAS-A measurements were significantly lower (n = 52, M = 31.37, SD = 24.334) than the pre-VAS-A measurements (n = 52, M = 53.50, SD = 26.863), t51 = 8.756, P = .000). On average, postanxiety scores were 22.135 mm lower than pre-anxiety scores (95% CI [17.060, 27.209]).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of TIEO demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in preoperative anxiety scores within the ERAS gynecological population. TIEO can be used as an adjunct intervention to manage preoperative anxiety. TIEO can be successfully administered in the preoperative area. Decreasing anxiety in the preoperative period may lead to many perioperative benefits such as improving surgical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and quality of care.

Copyright © 2022 American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 35637078


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